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Carl Jung
(full name: Carl Gustav Jung)
Swiss psychologist
(1875-1961)



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A more or less superficial layer of the unconscious is undoubtedly personal. I call it the personal unconscious. But this personal layer rests upon a deeper layer, which does not derive from personal experience and is not a personal acquisition but is inborn. This deeper layer I call the collective unconscious. I have chosen the term collective because this part of the unconscious is not individual but universal; in contrast to the personal psyche, it has contents and modes of behaviour that are more or less the same everywhere and in all individuals. (...) The contents of the personal unconscious are chiefly the feeling-toned complexes... The contents of the collective unconscious, on the other hand, are known as archetypes.
-- The Archetypes and the Collective Unconscious (1934) 


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The selection of the above quotes and the writing of the accompanying notes was performed by the author David Paul Wagner.

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